初中英语基础句型

时间:2017-07-31 编辑:小静 手机版

  在初中英语学习中有三个最重要的元素,首先是词汇量,另外两个,一个是语法,一个是句型!下面是小编整理的关于初中英语基础句型,希望大家认真阅读!

  1. allow sb to do sth 允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式)

  My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework.

  2. asked sb (not) to do sth 叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)

  My father asked me to study hard.

  He asked me not to swim alone.

  be asked to do sth 被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事

  I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday.

  3. be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

  She is afraid to ask me questions.

  4. be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事

  I am afraid of going out at night.

  5. be afraid of sth 害怕某物

  He is afraid of snakes.

  6. be amazed to do sth 对做某事感到惊讶

  He was amazed to meet the girl there.

  be amazed at sth 对某事感到惊讶

  They were amazed at the news.

  7. be busy doing/with sth 忙于做某事(常考)

  I was busy washing my car at that time. 那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。

  I am busy with my work.

  8. becoming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来)

  The bus is coming/the dog is dying.

  9. be excited to do sth 对做……感到兴奋

  Jacky was excited to travel there by plane.

  Be excited at sth

  Lily was excited at his words.

  Be excited about doing sth

  He was excited about passing the exam without going over books.

  10. be frightened to do sth 害怕去做某事

  Sam is frightened to ride a horse.

  11. be glad/happy to do sth 高兴去做某事

  She is happy to clean the blackboard with me.

  be pleased to do sth高兴做某事

  She was pleased to help the old man yesterday.

  be pleased with sth 对某事感到高兴/满意

  The teacher was pleased with my answer.

  12.be interested in sth/doing sth 对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣

  She is interested in swimming in the river.

  My brother is interested in Chinese.

  13. be/get ready for/to do sth

  be ready for 为某事做好了准备

  We are ready for the exam.

  Be ready to do sth 为做某事做好了准备

  We are ready to have a birthday party for her.

  get ready for sth为某事在做准备

  We are getting ready for the exam.

  14. be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到惊奇

  be surprised at sth 对某事感到惊奇

  This is nothing to be surprised at.

  I'd be surprised to see him on such an occasion.

  15. be worth doing sth 值得做某事(worth 后接动词-ing形式,常考)

  It was too remote to be worth thinking about.

  16. 开始去做某事begin to do sth begin/start to do/doing sth

  When do children begin to go to school?

  17. can/be able to afford (to buy) sth 有能力负担(购买)……

  At this rate we won't be able to afford a holiday.

  18. can/may/must do sth could/would/should/might do sth

  We may come at another time.

  19. can't wait todo sth 迫不急待地去做某事

  I can’t wait to hear the news.

  20. decide to do sth 决定去做某事

  make up one's mind to do sth 下决心去做某事(常考)

  make a decision to do sth 对做某事作决定

  What do they decide to do?

  I have made up my mind to go with him

  21. deserve to do sth 值得/应该做……

  We must admit that she did deserve to win.

  22. encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人去做某事

  Encourage them to do some other helpful recreations.

  23. enjoy doing sth 喜欢去做某事

  I enjoy reading the story book

  24. expect (sb) to do sth 期望去做某事

  Don't expect him to help you.

  25. fail to do sth 做某事失败

  succeed doing sth 成功做了某事

  If you do not work, you will fail to pass the exam.

  26. finish doing sth 做完某事(后接动词-ing形式)(常考)

  After finish doing your homework, you can have a rest.

  27. follow sb to do sth 跟随某人去做某事

  Follow me to read the new words.

  28. get sb to do sth / make sb do sth/ let sb do st 让某人做某事(后接动词原形)

  Her jokes made us laugh.

  29. get/have a chance to do sth 得到一个做某事的机会

  I'm very happy to have a chance to visit your school.

  30. give/pass/show/lend/sell sb sth/sth to sb

  buy/get/bring sb sth/sth for sb

  Please give me a piece of paper.

  I bought him a drink in return for his help.

  31. go on to do sth /go on doing sth 继续做事(常考)

  Go on doing the exercise after a short rest.

  32. hate to do/doing sth 讨厌/不喜欢做某事

  I hate to tell the news to you.

  33. have fun doing sth 做某事很有趣

  Have fun getting to know each other.

  34. have problems doing sth 做某事遇到困难

  Many people have problems getting to sleep at night.

  35. have sb do sth/have sth done 让某人做某事

  This is the best work you have ever done.

  36. hear sb do sth 听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考)

  hear sb doing sth 听到某人正在做某事(常见)

  I heard someone laughing.

  37. help to do sth 帮忙做某事

  help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

  I'll help you clean the room.

  38. hope/wish to do sth 希望做某事

  wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事

  I wish to take this opportunity to thank you all.

  39. It seems that 这像是……(后接从句)

  seem to do sth

  seem +adj

  It seems that you are lying.

  Does that seem to make sense?

  40. It’s + adj+(for sb) to do sth .

  It’s + adj +(of sb) to do sth

  It's glad for him to hear the news.

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