2017下半年初级笔译考试模拟练习及答案

时间:2017-07-31 编辑:嘉辉 手机版

  1. The departure time of the plane has been postponed, so we have nothing to do now but .

  A.wait B. to be waiting C. to wait D. waiting

  2. Only when we came back home, that my watch was missing.

  A. did I find B. I found

  C. I had found D. Had I found

  3. more time, the scientists will be able to work out a good solution to the problem.

  A. Given B. Giving C. To give D. Be given

  4. in Beijing for more than twenty years, he knows the city very well.

  A. Living B. Lived C. Having lived D. To live

  5.We plan to increase the output of the machine 7.4 percent this year.

  A.at B.in C.by D.with

  6.I don't mind out for a walk in such bad weather.

  A.go B.to go C.going D.gone

  7.As a lawyer he spent a lot of time investigations.

  A.conducted B.to conduct C.conduct D.conducting

  8.The new invention is to make our daily life easier, it more difficult.

  A.not to make B.not make C.not making D.do not make

  9. the old man had a sharp ear for even the slightestsound.

  A.As he was blind B.As bind as he was

  C.Blind as he was D.As he was just blind

  10.I a little earlier ,but I met a friend of mine on the way.

  A.should arrive B.would be arriving C.could have arrived D.arrived

  11.The news our football team had won the match excited all of us.

  A.what B.which C.that D.as

  12. Henry looked very much when he was caught cheating in the exam.

  A. discouraged B. embarrassed

  C. disappointed D. pleased

  13. We are interested in the weather because it us so directly.

  A. benefits B. affects C. guides D. effects

  14. Jenny, was read by the teacher, is a top student in our class.

  A. the composition of hers B. the composition of whom

  C. her composition D. whose composition

  15. I would rather you to the party with her

  A. go B. went C. will go D. has gone

  16. The sun heats the earth, makes it possible for plants to grow.

  A. that B. where C. which D. what

  17. Little that the police are about to arrest him.

  A. does he know B. he knows

  C. he doesn't know D. he didn't know

  18. Its high time we something to stop road accidents.

  A. are doing B. did C. will do D. do

  19. This is the best novel I have ever read.

  A. which B. where C. that D. what

  20. Staying in a hotel costs renting a room in an apartment for a week.

  A. twice as more as B. as more twice as

  C. twice as much as D. as much twice as

  21. When you are free this afternoon, please help me to have these letters .

  A. to mail B. mail C. mailed D. mailing

  22. I wish you here last night. All of us were waiting for your arrival

  A. came B. had come

  C. come D. will come

  23. By the time you arrive in London, we in Europe for two weeks

  A. shall stay B. will have stayed

  C. have stayed D. have been staying

  24. I didn't see him at the meeting yesterday afternoon. He it

  A. mustn’t attend B. can't have attended

  C. wouldn't have attended D. needn't have attended

  25. I think there's no comparison between the two cars, one clearly far better than the other.

  A. being B. was C. having been D. be

  26. Many of his novels are reported into several foreign languages last year.

  A. to be translated B. to translate

  C. being translated D. to have been translated

  27. Mary said it was box for me to carry.

  A. a too heavy B. too a heavy C. too heavy a D. too heavy

  28. We object carrying out the plan

  A. for B. to be C. about D.to

  29. Shanghai has experienced such great changes that everyone can recognize that it is no longer .

  A. what it used to B. that it used to like

  C. the same it used to be D. what it used to be

  30. He bought a new mobile phone last Sunday, because his old one .

  A. had stolen B. had been stolen C. was stolen D. stolen

  31. Mr. Zhang, came to see me yesterday, is an old friend of my father's.

  A. which B. that C. who D. whom

  32. Hardly had he entered the classroom the bell rang.

  A. than B. then C. when D. so

  33.Staying in a hotel costs renting a room in an apartment for a week

  A. twice as more as B. as more twice as

  C. twice as much as D. as much twice as

  34.John puts up his hand the teacher asks a question.

  A. every time B. in time C. some time D. at times

  35. The children are required not to leave the building unless to do so.

  A. being told B. they will be told C. be told D. told

  【参考答案】

  1.【翻译】 因为飞机起飞时间推迟了,所以我们除了等待没有别的办法。

  【解析】 A“ have nothing to+动词+but to…”(除了……之外,没有……可以……)是固定句型。在这个句型中,如果动词部分是do,那么but后面的to就省略,直接跟动词原形。

  2.【翻译】 我们到家时,我才发现手表丢了。A only引导的时间状语放句首时,主句要用部分倒装形式。将助动词did提至主语前。

  3.【翻译】 如果给予更多的时间,科学家们就能找出更好的解决这个问题的办法。

  A根据分词的逻辑主语必须和主句主语一致的原则,选项B和c被排除选项D不合逻辑。

  4.【翻译】 他在北京生活了二十多年,对这个城市非常了解。C “for+时间段”常和完成体搭配,表示分词短语的动作发生在主句动 作之前。

  5.【翻译】 我们打算今年把机器产量增加7.4%。

  C在表示“增加了或减少了……”时,英语中常用句型是“动词+ by+数词 或百分比或倍数”。

  6.【翻译】 我不介意在这种恶劣的天气里外出散步。

  【解析】 C mind后跟宾语时,常用动名词形式。

  7.【翻译】 作为一名律师,他花费了大量时间搞调查。D spend some time in doing sth.(花费时间做某事)是固定句型。其中in可以省略。

  8.【翻译】 新发明的目的是让我们的日常生活更容易,而不是更难。 A be…not…(是……而不是……)是固定句型;be和not后面跟的结构必须 相同。

  9.【翻译】 尽管他眼睛瞎了,但他有一只灵敏的耳朵,甚至可以听到最小的声音。

  【解析】 C本题考查的是as引导的让步状语从句的强调句型。一般是强调什么成分就将什么成分放在句首。其结构为:“形容词/副词+ as+主语+谓语”是强调表语blind,故将blind放在句首。

  10.【翻译】 我本来能早点到,但路上遇到了一个朋友。

  【解析】 C本句考查的是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气句。在此类虚拟语气句中,主句谓语常用“could/might/would/should+ have+动词过去分词”形式。

  11.【翻译】 听到足球队赢得比赛的消息,我们大家都很兴奋。

  【解析】 C that引导的同位语从句修饰主语the news,that本身无意义,只起连接作用;what(什么)和which(哪一个)在名词性从句中充当成分;as不能引导名词性从句。

  12.【翻译】 当亨利考试作弊被抓时,他看上去非常尴尬。B discouraged:泄气的;embarrassed:尴尬的;disappointed:失望的;pleased:高兴的,满意的。

  13.【翻译】 我们对天气感兴趣,因为它对我们有直接的影响

  【解析】 B benefit:获利,受益;affect:影响;guide:指导;effect:引起。

  14.【翻译】 珍妮是班里的尖子生,老师读了她的作文。

  【解析】 D whose引导非限制性定语从句修饰主语,并且在从句中作定语。

  15.【翻译】 我宁愿你和她一起去参加晚会。B would rather(宁愿)后跟从句时,从句用虚拟语气,谓语动词用过去时形式,表示与事实相反。

  16.【翻译】 太阳照耀地球,使得万物生长成为可能。

  【解析】 c which引导非限制性定语从句修饰整个主句,并且在从句中作主语,选项A和D不能引导非限制性定语从句;而选项B只能在定语从句中作状语。

  17.【翻译】 他对警察要抓他的事几乎一无所知。A否定词little(几乎不)放句首时,主句要用部分倒装形式。故将助动词 does提至主语前。

  18.【翻译】 该是我们努力去制止交通事故的时候了。

  【解析】 B It’s high time…(该是……时候了)是固定句型,含有“晚了一点”的意思,为了强调,time前加high。在其后所引导的从句中,谓语动词常用过去时形式。

  19.【翻译】 这是我所读过的最好的小说。

  【解析】 c 当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时,定语从句中的关系代词常用that。

  20.【翻译】 住宾馆一周的费用是租一间公寓费用的两倍。c在表示“是……的几倍”时,英语中常用句型是“倍数+ as+形容词/副 词+as”。

  21.【翻译】 你今天下午有空时,请帮我把这些信寄出去。 c have sth. done(使某事被某人做)表示sth.是动词done的承受者。

  22.【翻译】 我希望昨天夜里你在这儿,我们都在等你。B wish后面引导一个与过去事实相反的从句。故谓语动词用过去完 成式。

  23.【翻译】 等你到伦敦时,我们已待在欧洲两周了。

  【解析】 B by the time引导时间状语从句,主句通常用将来完成时,表示在将来某一段时间之前完成的动作。

  24.【翻译】 我昨天下午在会上没见到他,他一定没去。

  【解析】 B mustn't+动词(绝对不)表示禁止做某事;can't have+ -ed分词(一定不)表示从现在出发,对过去事实的否定推测;needn’t have + -ed分词(不必已经)表示过去某动作已经发生,但无须发生;wouldn't have+ -ed分词,虚拟语气用法。

  25.【翻译】 我认为这两辆车没有可比性,这一辆明显比另、一辆好得多。

  【解析】 A主句和后一部分是修饰与被修饰的关系,所以B被排除,选项D不合语法规则,选项C则表示分词动作发生在主句动词动作之前,不合题意。

  26.【翻译】 据报道,他的很多小说在去年已被译成好几种文字。

  [考点] 非谓语动词

  【解析】 D动词不定式中动词动作发生在主句动词report之前,主句动作是现在时,故用现在完成时。

  27.【翻译】 玛丽说这盒子太重,我搬不动。

  [考点]词语搭配

  【解析】 C too+形容词+a+名词+for+sb. to(对某人来说太……而不能……),是固定搭配too…to…(太……而不能)的一种变体。

  28.【翻译】 我们反对实施这个计划。

  [考点] 词语搭配

  【解析】 D object to(反对)是固定搭配,to是介词,因此后要跟动名词,符合句子结构,故选D。

  29.【翻译】 上海的变化如此之大,让每个人都有今非昔比之感。

  [考点] 名词性从句

  【解析】 D what引导表语从句,而且在从句中作be的宾语。

  30.【翻译】 他上周买了部新手机,因为他的旧手机被偷了。

  [考点] 动词的时态、语态

  【解析】 B because从句中谓语动词动作发生在主句谓语动词动作之前,故应该用过去完成时,选项C和D被排除;由句意得知,“旧手机”是被人偷走的,故A被排除。

  31.【翻译】 昨天来看我的张先生是我父亲的一个老朋友。

  [考点] 定语从句

  【解析】 C who引导一个非限制性定语从句修饰主语,并且在从句中作主语;which不能引导修饰人的定语从句;that不能引导非限制性定语从句,whom只能在从句中

  作宾语。

  32.【翻译】 他刚一进教室,铃声就响了。

  [考点] 词语搭配r

  【解析】 C hardly...When...(一……就……)是固定搭配。

  33.【翻译】、住宾馆一周的费用是租一间公寓费用的两倍。

  [考点] 词语搭配

  【解析’】 C在表示“是……的几倍”时,英语中常用句型是“倍数+ as;形容词/副词+as”。

  34.【翻译】 每次老师提问,约翰都举手。

  [考点] 词义辨析

  【解析】 A every time意思为“每次”;in time意思为“及时”;some time意思为。一段时间”;at times意思为“有时,间或”。

  35.【翻译】 孩子们未经允许不能离开这座建筑物。


[2017下半年初级笔译考试模拟练习及答案]相关文章:

1.2017下半年初级笔译考试练习题(含答案)

2.2017翻译资格考试初级笔译练习题及答案

3.2017初级法语翻译考试笔译练习题及答案

4.2017年初级翻译考试笔译练习题及答案

5.2017初级法语翻译考试笔译模拟练习及答案

6.2017年初级翻译考试笔译备考练习(附答案)

7.2017上半年翻译考试初级笔译练习题及答案

8.2017翻译资格考试初级笔译备考练习及答案

9.2017下半年翻译考试高级笔译练习题及答案

10.2017翻译资格考试初级笔译练习题(含答案)

本文已影响
2017下半年初级笔译考试模拟练习及答案相关推荐