It goes without saying that子句= (It is) needless to say (that)子句= It is obvious that子句= Obviously, S. + V.
例︰不用说早睡早起是值得的。It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.
There is no Ving= There is no way of Ving.= There is no possibility of Ving.= It is impossible to V.= It is out of the question to V.= No one can V.= We cannot V.
例︰不可否认的成功的事业关键在于健康的身心。There is not denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind.
I am greatly convinced (that)子句= I am greatly assured (that)子句
例︰我深信预防是于治疗。I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.
…Among various kinds of …, …= Of all the …, …
例︰在各种运动中我尤其喜欢慢跑。 Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.
It can be easily proved (that)子句
例︰时间最珍贵是很容易证明的。It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time.
cannot be overemphasized
例︰交通安全的重要性无论如何强调都不为过。The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.
In my opinion, …= To my mind, …. = As far as I am concerned, …= I am of the opinion that子句
例︰就我的看法打电动玩具既花费时间也有害健康。In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.
(A) 每个人都知道…Everyone knows (that)子句
(B) 就我所知…As far as my knowledge is concerned, …
例︰就我所知下列方法对我帮助很大。As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me.
There is no doubt (that)子句
例︰毫无疑问地近视在我国的年轻人中是一个严重的问题。There is no doubt that near-sightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.
According to my personal experience, …= Based on my personal experience, …
例︰根据我个人经验微笑已带给我许多好处。According to my personal experience, smile has done me a lot of good.
Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than …
例︰在我认识的人当中也许没有一个人比我的英文老师张老师更值得我尊敬。Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than Miss Chang, my English teacher.
(A) 随着人口的增加… With the increase/growth of the population, …
(B) 随着科技的进步, … With the advance of science and technology, …
例︰随着台湾经济的快速发展许多社会问题产生了。With the rapid development of Taiwan's economy, a lot of social problems have come to pass.
In the age of information and communication, … plays an important role.
In today's industrial society, … is indispensable to life.
例︰在这信息的年代计算机扮演非常重要的角色。In this age of information and communication, the computer plays an extremely important role.
Nothing in the world can delight me so much as …
例︰世上没有什么比到快餐店吃汉堡更令我高兴。Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fast-food restaurants.
… 是必要的 It is necessary that S (should) V
…是重要的 It is important/essential that S (should) V
…是适当的 It is proper that S (should) V
…是紧急的 It is urgent that S (should) V
例︰我们当保持公共场所清洁是应当的。It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.
据说… It is said (that)子句
一般认为… It is thought (that)子句
大家都知道… It is known (that)子句
据报导… It is reported (that)子句
一般预料… It is expected (that)子句
一般估计… It is estimated (that)子句
一般相信… It is believed (that)子句
例︰一般相信阅读增加我们的知识、扩大我们的心胸。It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind.
The main reason why ….. is (that)子句
例︰青少年犯罪的主要理由是社会环境日一败坏。The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse.
Well goes an old saying, "…"= As an old saying goes(runs, says), "…" = An old saying goes, "…"= It's an old saying (that)子句
例︰俗话说得好：「诚实为上策」。As an old saying goes, "Honesty is the best policy."
That is to say, …= That is, …= Namely, …
例︰我们生活需有规律。也就是说早睡早起戒除烟酒。We need to live a regular life. That is, we can keep good hours and refrain from smoking and drinking in the daily activities.
(A) 基于这个理由… For this reason, …
(B) 为了这个目的… For this purpose, …
例︰基于这个理由我已决定把行医作为未来的职业。For this reason, I have decided to take practicing medicine as my future career.
We have reasons to believe (that)子句
例︰我们有理由相信体罚应该严格禁止。We have reasons to believe that corporal punishment should be strictly prohibited.2
事实上…As a matter of fact, …= In fact, …
例︰事实上健康才是最重要。As a matter of fact, it is health that counts.
Besides (In addition), we should not neglect …
例︰此外我们不应忽视每个人都想要一个温馨祥和的社会。In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.
on the contrary, …= by contrast, …
例︰相反地少数学生似乎还在鬼混。On the contrary, a few students, it seems, are still fooling around.
on the other hand, …
例︰政府应严格执法另一方面大众也应该培养减少污染的好习惯。The government should enforce laws strictly. On the other hand, the public also should develop the good habit of reducing pollution.
However, it is a pity that子句
例︰然而很可惜的是他总是临时抱佛脚。However, it is a pity that he should always cram at the eleventh hour.
in other words, …= to put it differently
例︰换言之我会尽最大的努力达成我的目标。In other words, I will try my best to attain (gain, live up to) my goal.
It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that子句
例︰别人可能认为这是事实但我不是。我认为…It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that if you have strong determination and perseverance, the success will certainly come to you in the end.
In this light, if…, there can surely be no doubt (that) 子句
例︰这样说来假如我们能善用时间当然毫无疑问地我们会成功。In this light, if we can make good use of time, there can surely be no doubt that we will get somewhere.
In view of the practical need of society, ….
例︰鉴于社会的实际需要愈来愈多人对学英语有兴趣。In view of the practical need of society, there are more and more people interested in learning English.
By doing these simple things, we surely can ….
By doing these simple things, we surely can go out of the door happily and come back home safe every day.
In this way, I believe (that)子句
In this way, I believe that all the people may be able to enjoy the bus ride like me.
Only by living up to the three requirements, can we ….
Only with combined efforts, can we ….
Only with combined efforts, can we expect Taiwan to take a new face in due course.
Last but no least, ….
例︰最后但并非最不重要教育上的缺失是助长青少年犯罪的原因。Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile delinquency.
This evidence shows that the importance of ～ cannot be overemphasized.
例︰这证据显示交通安全的重要性在怎么强调都不为过。This evidence shows that the importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.
For these reasons, I ….
例︰由于这些理由我认为在台湾接受大学教育是明智的。 For these reasons, I think that receiving college education in Taiwan is wise.
In conclusion, …= To sum up, …
例︰总而言之好国民应该遵守交通规则。In conclusion, a good citizen should abide by traffic regulations.
We can, therefore, come to the conclusion (that)子句
例︰因此我们能下个结论那就是世上自由罪珍贵。We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as freedom in the world.
If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt (that)子句
例︰如果我们能做到如上所述毫无疑问地我们就能精通英语。If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt that we can master English
Thus, this is the reason why ….
例︰因此这就是我重感冒的原因。Thus, this is the reason why I caught a bad cold.
Therefore, we should realize (that)子句
例︰所以我们应该了解学英文不能没有字典。Therefore, we should realize that in learning English we cannot do without a dictionary.
We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion (that)子句
例︰因此由上列的讨论我们可以明了毅力可以克服任何困难。We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion that perseverance can overcome any difficulty.
1. 从～观点来看… From the ～ point of view, ….
2. 根据～的看法… According to ～ point of view, ….
例︰从政治的观点来看这是一个很复杂的问题。 From the political point